MIRZA. A Tragedie, Really acted in PERSIA, in the last Age.
Really acted in PERSIA, in
the last Age.
Illustrated with Historicall
The Author. R. B. Esq;
Fatyma dead, begat as much sorrow and rage in oldAbbas, as alive she did love, who now sends threats of terrible satisfactions, as Famine, Chains, Strapadoes, and all sharp and exquisite tortures, to the inraged Prince his Son, who by his Messenge s, returns his Father as many bitter curses, hopes of better, and more perfect revenge, and wishes of whole Cataracts of miseries to poure themselves upon him. In this Rage he spent two sad dayes, and in the third, with a Roman resolution, gave a period to his sufferings in this world, by quaffing off a cup of poyson, to the confusion of his unnatural Father.
The sad Princess his Wife (like a true Turtle) surfeiting with sorrow, mew'd her self up, and since that time, has seldom been seen by any.
Lastly,Allybeg's Treason being discovered by a woman, we end with the punishment of the Conspirators, the Kings reassuming of the Princes friends into his favour, and declaring of his Son Soffie Heir to the Persian Dignity, after his GrandfatherAbbas his decease, which happening in the year 1629. the young Prince took upon him the Empire; aged sixteen years, hopeful and ingenious: so fresh in memory is this sad story.
[(3) Ottoman blood] Ottoman is the name of the family of the Grand Signior. The Turks arriv'd to the dominion of the goodliest portion of the Earth, from so obscure an original, as the same is rather conjectured at, then positively delivered by any. Some (after the manner of most Nations) derive them from the Troians, led thereunto by the affinity of the names Turci and Teneri, Philip of Mornay, the noble & learned Frenchman, (in his work of the truth of the Christian Religion) deduce them, and the Tartars from the Jewes, viz. from the ten Tribes [Page 175] which were by Salmanaser King of Assyria, in the time of Oseas King of Israel, carried into captivity, and by him confined into Media, and the other unpeopled Countries of the North, (2 King. 17.) His reasons are probable, and worthy of consideration, but to long for this note. Indeed themselves boast, that they are of the seed of Abraham, & his servant Hagar, and call themselves Ishmalites; this is also assured by their Alcoran, which calls them Hagarens, but that is such a fardel of forgeries, as it is no argument to beget credit, and themselves are so ignorant of their own antiquities, that their Histories are rather confused notes, then perfect Chronicles. Others will have them of the legitimate offspring of Abraham, by his wife Sarah, and from her called Saracens. But the most probable op nion, grounded upon the Authority of the greatest Cosmographers, (as Pomponius Mela (l. 1. cap. ult.) Plin. secundus (lib. 6. cap. 7.) and Ptolomy (in the description of Sarmatica Asiatica) is that they were a people of Scythia, at what time, and for what causes they left their cold and barren seat, to seek a better more Southerly, is no lesse controverted: Blondus, and Platina, will have them enforced with want to follow their better fortune, Anno Dom. 755. with whom Segonius agrees in the cause of their remove, but not in the time or place when, or whereby they departed: he will have the yeare 844. and that they issued by the streights of Caucasus, the others by the Caspian streights, which (saith Sabellicus (Eunead 9. lib. 2.) some of themselves report. With Segonius, our most exact Mr. Sandys agre s in the time, with the others in the way they took for their remove. So that mingling the currents of Opinions and Authors, in the seventh or eighth Century of years after our Saviour, these people of Scythia, then called Turcae or Tusci, expelled, or by force of ill neighbours, or famine, entring by the streights of the Caspian Mountaines, by strong hand possest themselves of Armenia the greater, called thereupon Turcomania, as it is at this day, multiplying by the daily accession of their Countrimen, being in Religion Pagans, and living in wandring troops, like the people about Techoa, or Deachow (which signifies the Towne under a hill) in the Kingdom of Larr, (of which see more in the 23d Note upon the 3d Act) whom the Persians call Vloches, or Shepheards, or as of old did the Scythian Nomades, a people about Maeotis, thus described.
Now the Saracen Empire waining by the division of the Mahometan Princes, Mahomet Sultan of Persia, distressed by the Caliph of Babylon, and the Indians, intreated aid of the Turkes, who sent him 3000. souldiers under the conduct of Tangrolipix, Prince of the Selzuccian family (for so the Greeks call him, though others Togra Mucalet, the Son of Mikeil, others Sidoc, or Sadock names (its like) corrupted of his Family) Mahomet by his aid vanquished Pysastris the Caliph, the Arabians not being able to endure the Turkes Archers. The Turk now desires to leave the Persian, and return over Araxis; but the Sultan, desiring to compell his father service, denied it; whereupon Tangrolipix not being able to keep the field against such numbers, betook himself to the Carmanian Deserts, spoiling the Persians Subjects; Against him Mahomet sent 20000. soldiers, who were soon defeated by stratagem; which victory so flesht the Turk's as (being now increased by fugitive) hee fought Mahomet soon after with 60000. men: which battell Mahomet seeing lost, betook himself to flight, intending for Spawhawn, but between it, and Rustans Tomb, fell and brake his neck; So by the consent of both Armies was Tangrolipix elected Sultan, and founded the Scythique or Turkish Empire. To Persia he added the jurisdiction of Babylon (or Bagdat now) which continued in the Ottoman Tyranny till the year 1625. When ABBAS the victorious King of Persia, (or rather MIRZA his Son) beat them out of it, as also out of Tauris, Van, and the greater Asia (of which see more in the seventeenth note upon the fourth Act) yet continued Trangrolipix the spirituall jurisdiction to the Caliphs successour, in honour of their false Prophet, the Turke having now embraced the Mahometan superstition, as the best means to establish his new Empire, begun about the year 1030. such time as Edward the Confessor ruled England, and about 200. yeares after the Turkes eruption out of Scythia. Axan succeeded his Father Tangrolipix, after him the Empire fell into petty divisions, till Ottoman head of the Oguzian family no lesse by f aud then force united it under himself; who taking advantage [Page 177] of the jarrs between the Christians, and some wrongs they did to him exasperating him, in those 27. years that he reigned, he annexed Bythinia, Cappadocia, and most of those strong holds that border on the Euxine Sea to his Empire, and left it intire to his Son Orchanes, who also much augmented it, and l ft it to his Son Amurath, &c. since which, with marvellous fortune it has grown to that stupendious bulk, that I hope will ruine it, for so long as the Christian armes are thus miserably imploy'd against themselves, so glorious a work is more then we can hope from them. Ottoman atchieved the Sultanship Anno 1300. in him began the race still continued, called in his honour the Ottoman Race, though they are indeed the Oguzian family; give me leave to shut up this long note with a short poeticall summary of this Ottoman, a man vigilant and hardy, and happily the best, as well as the first, of the Turkish Emperors of that name.
Philip du Mornay, Pliny, Blondius, Platina, Pomponius Mela, Sabellicus, Segonius, Ptolomie, Sandys, Herbert, Turkish History, D'Juigne.