'Ibrat Namah

About this text

Introductory notes

Mirzā Muhammad Rustam Hārisī (b. 1687) came from Jalalabad, in southern Afghanistan. He was a nobleman of relatively small standing in Aurangzeb’s court, and witness to the decline of the Mughal empire from the last decade of Aurangzeb’s reign to the death of Farrukh Siyar. In his invocation, he describes his ‘Ibrat Nāmah as “tazkirah-i-Ahwāl-Khud ba Tarz-i-Roznāmchah [an account of events concerning himself in the mode of a diary]”. The manuscript consists of memoirs of the author's first-hand experience of events in Punjab and northern India from 1703, and of Aurangzeb’s later Deccan campaigns to the year of Farrukh Siyar’s assassination in 1719.


Shab-e- jum‘a bist-o- hashtum ramaz̤ān sanah-e maẕkur (1127) hijri bārān shuru‘a shudah tā ākhir-e roz-e- yakshanbeh salkh-e- māh-e- maẕkur ‘alal itteṣal jhari bood emārāt-e- bisyār dar shahr uftād wa shab-e- doshanbeh ke shab-e- Eid bood bārān istād ammā hawā abr bood … wa az shab-e- yakshanbeh haftum shawwal sanah-e- maẕkur bāz bārān shuru‘a tā yak pahr roz mandeh az seh shanbeh nahum māh-e- maẕkur be hamān minwāl –e- sābiq ‘alal itteṣal–e- sābiq jhari bood, emārāt-e- bisyār ke az bārān-e- sābiq sālim māndeh bood darin bārān uftād.


In the night of Friday, twenty eighth of Ramaz̤ān 1127A.H. the rain started and continued till Sunday, the last and 30th day of the above mentioned month without any break. Many buildings in the town collapsed. In the night of Monday, the eve of the Eid, the rain stopped. But the weather remained cloudy….. And from Sunday night, the seventh of Shawwāl of the same year the rain started again and continued without break like before till Tuesday afternoon, the ninth of the said month. Many buildings which had remained intact during the previous rain, collapsed in this rain.

This text is an English-language translation of the original version:

This is a selection from the original text


collapse, rain, rainfall, settlement, weather

Source text

Title: Ibrat Namah

Author: Mirza Md. Harisi

Editor(s): Khursheed Fatimah Husaini

Publisher: Intesharat-e Baksh-e-Farsi

Publication date: 2016

Original compiled c.1703-1721

Place of publication: New Delhi

Provenance/location: Original compiled c.1703-1721

Digital edition

Original author(s): Mirza Mohammad Rustam Harisi

Original editor(s): Md. Ehteshamuddin Institute of Persian Research, Aligarh Muslim University , Azarmi Dukht Safavi Institute of Persian Research, Aligarh Muslim University

Language: English


Texts collected by: Ayesha Mukherjee, Amlan Das Gupta, Azarmi Dukht Safavi

Texts transcribed by: Muhammad Irshad Alam, Bonisha Bhattacharya, Arshdeep Singh Brar, Muhammad Ehteshamuddin, Kahkashan Khalil, Sarbajit Mitra

Texts encoded by: Bonisha Bhattacharya, Shreya Bose, Lucy Corley, Kinshuk Das, Bedbyas Datta, Arshdeep Singh Brar, Sarbajit Mitra, Josh Monk, Reesoom Pal

Encoding checking by: Hannah Petrie, Gary Stringer, Charlotte Tupman

Genre: India > chronicle histories

For more information about the project, contact Dr Ayesha Mukherjee at the University of Exeter.