Kolliyāt-e ātār-e Malek al-Šoʿarā Tāleb-e Āmoli

About this text

Introductory notes

Having failed to win entry into the Safavid court, Talib (c.1580-1627) moved to India around 1608, with other emigrating Persian merchants, administrators, and scholars who were seeking new markets. After wandering between Moltan and Agra for a couple of years, he joined the literary circle of Mirzā Ḡāzi Tarḵān in Qandahar. After Mirzā Ḡāzi’s death in 1612, Talib spent several years roaming northern India, before he gradually worked his way into Jahangir’s court by serving Mughal generals such as Firoz Jang in Gujarat. In Lahore, Talib met the poet Shāpur of Tehran (d.1616) and was introduced to Iʿtemād ud-Daula. With the support of this influential administrator, Talib entered Jahangir’s service in 1616. He was appointed poet laureate (malik al-shuʿarā) in 1619, and accompanied Jahangir on journeys through his domains. Taleb is thought to have played a crucial role in the transformation of poetic style in the early 17th century. He worked in the “Indian Style” that had emerged earlier in the poetry of Naziri and ʿUrfi, attempting to revitalise conventional images and common idioms through a figurative process he termed his ṭarz-e esteʿāra(‘metaphorical style’).


Nān-e- Hasrat khuram –o- jāmah-e- hasrat posham /
kirm-e- sibam khurish-o- poshish-e- man har du yakist


I eat the bread of despair and put on the dress of despair;
I am like the apple worm-my food and my clothing is the same.

This text is an English-language translation of the original version:

This is a selection from the original text


apples, bread, clothing, distress, food, food, worms

Source text

Title: Kolliyāt-e ātār-e Malek al-Šoʿarā Tāleb-e Āmoli

Author: Talib Amuli

Editor(s): Taheri Sehab

Publisher: Taheri Sehab

Publication date: 2016

Original compiled c.1600-1627

Place of publication: Tehran

Provenance/location: Original compiled c.1600-1627

Digital edition

Original author(s): Talib Amuli

Original editor(s): Md. Ehteshamuddin Institute of Persian Research, Aligarh Muslim University , Azarmi Dukht Safavi Institute of Persian Research, Aligarh Muslim University

Language: English


Texts collected by: Ayesha Mukherjee, Amlan Das Gupta, Azarmi Dukht Safavi

Texts transcribed by: Muhammad Irshad Alam, Bonisha Bhattacharya, Arshdeep Singh Brar, Muhammad Ehteshamuddin, Kahkashan Khalil, Sarbajit Mitra

Texts encoded by: Bonisha Bhattacharya, Shreya Bose, Lucy Corley, Kinshuk Das, Bedbyas Datta, Arshdeep Singh Brar, Sarbajit Mitra, Josh Monk, Reesoom Pal

Encoding checking by: Hannah Petrie, Gary Stringer, Charlotte Tupman

Genre: India > poetry

For more information about the project, contact Dr Ayesha Mukherjee at the University of Exeter.